Anti-retroviral therapy breakthrough: Professor Mike Cohen’s research on the early initiation of antiretroviral therapy created a paradigm shift in the way HIV and AIDS patients are treated worldwide and was featured on the cover of Science magazine in 2011 for “Breakthrough of the Year.”

A new live vaccine approach for SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome): Professor Ralph Baric discovered this approach for SARS and novel coronaviruses, bringing the world one step closer to a usable vaccine.

Unraveling the genetics of cholestrol: Associate Professor Kari North’s research identified genetic variants that influenced the amounts of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the blood.

Linking air pollution with cardiovascular disease: Assistant Professor Karin Yeatts and Dr. Eric Whitsel’s research revealed that cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes, were associated with chemical air pollutant properties.

Understanding the geographic patterns, time trends, and causes of autism: Associate Professor Julie Daniels is examining time trends, geographic patterns, and environmental and other risk factors for autism in North Carolina. Her research is leading to a clearer understanding of the causes and risk factors for autism.